The Center for Middle Eastern Studies (ORSAM) will host an international symposium, sponsored by the EU. The symposium is taking place against the backdrop of the widening spectre of regional conflicts in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) which have exacerbated the threat posed by the radicalization, violent extremism, and foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs). Not only because of the sheer numbers but also because of the level of terror and violence perpetrated by the terror organizations, the magnitude of the FTF problem in the current phase of the conflicts has taken the international community unprepared. Radicalization with various ideological, ethnic and religious motivations have been increasingly drawing attention from policy-makers, scholars and security institutions. This realization pushes each and every actor in the international community to cooperate with an un-biased approach supported by empirical research and local expertise.